The Phoenicians founded the city in ancient times, which is why it is thought to be the most ancient city still standing in Western Europe. One of the first things the ancients did was build a temple for Melqart, comparable to the Greek Hercules. It became part of many major empires over the centuries, including the Moorish and the Romans. It has also been the seat of many revolutions, adding to its historical importance. In recent years, landmarks and other important structures have been cleaned and restored, making it a charming place for tourists. There are now more than 120, 000 people living in the city, and they enjoy that where they live is known for its being the home of the Spanish Navy and the site of the University of Cádiz.
Location: On the Southwestern Coast of Spain
Cádiz is one of eight cities that make up Andalusia, an autonomous community in Spain. It has an important port that serves the Spanish Navy in southwestern Spain. The city is surrounded by the sea, making it a popular beach resort. The many parks around town are home to exotic flora and fauna, including large trees that are thought to have been brought from the New World by Christopher Columbus. Its Mediterranean climate brings warm but dry summers as well as wet, cool winters.
Culture: Well-Preserved Historical Landmarks
The list of landmarks and historical structures seems miles long, which is why it is well-known for its cultural attractions. In the Old Town, you can find many plazas including Plaza de Mina, which was once an orchard belonging to a convent. One of the most notable sites inside is a museum with many artifacts and art. The Tavira Tower is an 18th century watchtower overlooking the ocean and is the tallest of its kind. A Roman Theatre was discovered here in 1980 having been built by order of Lucius Cornelius Balbus in the 1st century BC. It is actually the second largest of its kind in existence. For a look back into the 1300s, you can also check out the intact old city walls and gates including El Arco de los Blancos, which leads to the Populo district.
Activities: Beaches, Sightseeing, and a Carnival
Cádiz is home to some of Spain's most beautiful beaches, which makes it popular to those looking for a relaxing oceanside getaway. One of the most popular beaches here is La Playa de la Caleta. It is considered the most scenic and is in between two castles. If you're looking for some fun, one of the best known carnivals in the entire world might be a good place to start. The Carnival of Cádiz is most famous for comical music performances and storytellers. There is almost always something going on carnival related. For those who love learning about history, it is all around them when they step foot into town. Sightseeing is even popular among those that live here with so many places to choose from. Two of them include the Casa del Almirante adjacent to the Plaza San Martín and Plaza de la Catedral.