The charming city of Ferrara is a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to the number of buildings and attractions that have cultural significance. Many palaces in the streets date back to the 14th and 15th centuries, during a time when the city was home to the court of the House of Este. It is a fine example of a planned Renaissance city, and one of the few Italian cities not built on top of a Roman settlement. It was a center of art and culture during the Renaissance. Many famous artists and painters came to the town under the patronage of the House of Este and formed the School of Ferrara, which included Giovanni Bellini and Titian. It is also home to a university founded in 1391 that Nicolaus Copernicus and Paracelsus attended.
Location: Bike Friendly Town on the Po di Volano
This capital city of the Province of Ferrara is about 50 kilometers north of Bologna. It lies on the banks of the Po di Volano, a ford of the Po River. It is easily accessible by railway, as it lies on the railway line between Bologna and Padua and Venice. The best way to get around the city is to take a bike, which you can rent in town.
Culture: Home to the Best Persevered Renaissance Walls in Italy
Although the city was a target of strategic bombing during the Second World War, many of its historical buildings remain. It is surrounded by ancient walls built in the 15th and 16th centuries, which are some of the best-preserved Renaissance walls found throughout Italy. In the center of town is the Castello Estense, which is an iconic feature of the town and was built in the late 14th century. There are also several palaces and churches that are fine examples of historical architecture, including the San Giorgio Cathedral, which dates to the 12th century.
Activities: Go Bird Watching in the Po Delta Park
One of the best activities in town is to stroll around and enjoy the architecture of the city, but you can also bike or walk around the city walls. The city also hosts the annual Festival dei Buskers, in which many buskers come to town and fill the streets with a variety of talents. If you enjoy bird watching, then you should check out the birds in the Po Delta Park. There are also easily accessible beaches nearby if you want to get away from a city and take in some sun or get out on the sea.