Genoa is home to numerous impressive landmarks that demonstrate its rich history, which is why many have nicknamed it la Superba, the Proud one. Since 2006, the beautiful old town, including the Palazzi dei Rolli (the area of the palaces of the nobility), has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The city was also voted as the 2004 European Capital of Culture. It has a long and rich history, with the harbor most likely used by the Etruscans and an old cemetery in town that dates to the 6th and 5th centuries BCE. It emerged before 1100 as one of the Italian city-states. In the 16th century, many well-known artists flocked to the city and left their mark on it, with their artwork in many churches and local museums. The city is surrounded by walls built at different times in its history, with many of the walls still standing.
Location: Ligurian City on the Mediterranean Sea
This capital city of Liguria is the six largest city in Italy, and is one of the largest cities in Europe on the Mediterranean Sea, making it the largest seaport of the country. It lies between the Apennine Mountains and the Ligurian Sea and has about 30 kilometers of coastline. The old port is used by many cruise and ferry lines, and there an airport with flights to several major European cities.
Business: Major Economic Center of Italy
This metropolis forms part of the Milan-Turin-Genoa triangle that creates one of Italy's major economic centers. Since the 19th century, it has been an important shipyard and steelwork center, and it has a long history of being an important city in the financial sector. The Bank of Saint George was founded in 1407, making it one of the oldest banks in the world. Genoa Congress Center, located in the old cotton warehouses, the Magazzini del Cotone, is on the docks in the old port area.
Culture: City Full of Art and Architectural History
The historic city center has been touched by many of the major architectural styles and famous artists, creating a blend of medieval, 16th century and Baroque styles in the squares and narrow caruggi, or alleyways. The churches feature many frescos of famous Renaissance, Baroque, and Rococo artists. Several of the old churches have been recently restored, helping to bring the city back to its glory, most notably the Renaissance Basilica of Santa Maria Assunta, which sits atop the Carignano hill, making it visible from almost anywhere in the city.
Activities: Visit the Largest Aquarium in Italy
The Aveto Natural Regional Park lies within the metropolitan area, and features a beautiful green area in which to walk and relax. The old harbor area, built on the ancient part of the town, has been redeveloped, with many of the historical buildings restored to create new landmarks, such as the Aquarium and the Museum of the Sea. The aquarium is the largest in the country and second largest in Europe.