Once an ideal location for military strategy and significance, many fortifications were built to protect what was then part of the Roman Empire. Throughout history, the city has been under Prussian, French, Spanish, and Austrian rules, which has led to the development of its unique culture. Now it is the seat of the European Parliament's Secretariat. This city of over 94,000 residents is divided into 24 quarters corresponding to major neighborhoods and suburbs in the area as well as historic districts. Home to many museums, it is often a pick for a holiday destination to learn more about the country and city with its namesake.
Location: Between the Alzette and Petrusse Rivers
Luxemburg City lies at the southern part of the plateau that shares its name, at the confluence of two rivers. The rivers cut deep gorges, which means that many bridges and viaducts have been built. The largest areas of the city are actually used for parks and heritage sites rather than for housing and commercial buildings, maintaining many green areas unlike other developed capital cities. Metz in France is 60 kilometers to the south, and Trier by the German border lies 45 kilometers east.
Business: Banking, Steel, and Telecommunications
The area's economy is quite dependent on the banking industry and mostly focuses on cross-border fund administration. This financial sector is still growing largely due to a tradition of secrecy and easy access to other European centers. Steel is also an important piece of the local economy, and has been since the beginning of the 20th century. Currently, the city is trying to build up its telecommunications sector, already focusing on radio and television in the past.
Culture: On the UNESCO World Heritage List
The city may be small, but it is home to plenty of cultural sites, in fact, the city itself is listed as a world heritage site for its fortifications. There are four museums in the city, focusing on art and history, which draw many visitors in. The city was named European Capital of Culture on 2007.
Activities: Art, History, and French Culture
It is no secret that Luxembourg is home to many art museums, from modern art to the classics, but it has even more to offer those looking for unique tourist attractions. French culture is still important in the area due to its occupation, and this can be seen in the many French sites still in existence, first and foremost in the bustling entertainment districts Grund and Clausen.