The earliest known civilization in the area was the Neolithic Butmir culture. These people thrived in the area due to the abundance of flint. After them, the Illyrians settled in the area. The modern city was founded in the 1450s by the Ottoman Empire, which transformed it into a flourishing state capital. Over the years, the city also became a part of Austria as well as Yugoslavia. The 1990s finally brought about independence, and the city became one of the fastest developing in the region. Skyscrapers have been built, including the tallest in the Balkans, and population as well as the number of tourists has shot up.
Location: Surrounded by the Dinaric Alps
The capital city is located near the dead center of the country of Bosnia Herzegovina within the Sarajevo valley. The city is not only surrounded by the Dinaric Alps but also forested hills. One of the most well-known geographic features in the area is the Miljacka River, which meets up with the Bosna River to the west of town. The climate is oceanic with four distinct seasons and rainfall spread relatively evenly throughout the year.
Business: New Market Industries
Once a big industrial powerhouse, Sarajevo now has a market economy making its industries diversify. Some of the biggest local industries include hosiery, automobiles, tobacco products, and furniture. However, tourism has become an integral part of the city's economy as well now that its hospitable atmosphere draws in more visitors each year. Some of the companies based in the town are BH Telecom, B&H Airlines, and Sarajevo Tobacco Factory.
Culture: Leading Cultural Center of the Country
This city is most known for its religious diversity. Somehow even during the time of the Ottoman Empire, Muslims, Catholics, Jews, and Orthodox followers lived here with their own identities in a peaceful manner. Also during this period, many famous writers, poets, and philosophers blossomed, including Vladimir Prelog. Many museums line the streets, celebrating the rich history of the area, such as the Museum of Sarajevo and the Museum of Literature and Theatre Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Activities: Diverse Festivals and Sports Haven
The internationally renowned festivals are one of the reasons tourism has become so important. The Sarajevo Film Festival has become the largest of its kind in the Balkans and South-East Europe. In fact, it has been attended over the years by many celebrities, such as Angelina Jolie and Orlando Bloom. Many of the other local festivals are a celebration of music, including local bands and jazz. Sports clubs are also prevalent here, especially for football (soccer).